Dog Gone Job! demonstrates how job specialization increases productivity
- Demonstrate how job specialization increases productivity
This lesson is a natural extension to the lesson "Woof! Woof! At Your Service" or may be implemented independently. Explain to students that they will be talking about types of jobs within a business that that they will watch a video clip taken in a kennel. Ask students to list "jobs" that they observed in the kennel and what that worker does at the kennel
The Washnigton Post: Students can use this website to search for job announcements.
Shrewsbury Public Schools: Critter Clinic.
Visit the Kennel Inn: Slideshow of pictures taken at the Kennel Inn.
Visit Kennel Inn
Have students watch the following slide show of the daily activities at a kennel. Instruct them to pay close attention to the types of jobs they see people doing.
As a class, discuss the jobs that were observed in the video:
- Manager - [hires other workers, makes work schedules, pays the employees, buy the supplies]
- Groomer - [trims the animals' fur and nails, combs the animals fur]
- Walker - [takes the dogs for a walk, plays with the dog]
- Trainer - [teaches dogs tricks and obedience skills]
- Sales person - [sells supplies to customers, uses the cash register]
Ask the students what other jobs may exist at the kennel. What might that person do?
- Janitor - [cleans the kennels]
- Guard - [watches the dogs at night]
- Driver - [shuttles dogs to the Airport and homes]
- Massage therapist - [rubs dogs to help them relax]
- Veterinarian - [treats sick dogs]
- Day care provider - [interacts with dogs during the day to keep them happy and healthy].
Explain to students that workers are sometimes "specialized" and that they have special skills. This allows a worker time to get very good at one skill instead of learning all of the skills needed to operate a kennel. Ask the students what they think might happen if all of the workers had to know how to do all of the jobs in a kennel? What would happen if all of the employees had to learn how to care for sick animals?
Have the students complete this comparing two workers' jobs. They will need to have an understanding of Venn Diagrams before they can complete the activity.
Have students think about these questions:
What do you think might happen if all of the workers had to know how to do all of the jobs in a kennel?
What would happen if all of the employees had to learn how to care for sick animals?
Have students list ways in which job specialization is a benefit. You can prompt their answers by asking the following questions:
- How might job specialization help a worker get better at a job? [More time to become proficient in a particular skill]
- Do you think a worker who specializes at their job will make more or fewer mistakes? [Fewer mistakes]
- Would it take more or less training time to train a worker in one specialized job or many different jobs? [Less training time]
- Who do you think would finish their job more quickly: a specialized worker or a non-specialized worker? [A specialized worker can finish job more quickly]
Alternatively, ask students to list ways in which job specialization is not a benefit:
- What do you think a worker may feel doing the same job every day? [Workers may tire of their jobs more easily]
- What would happen if the groomer were out sick one day? [No other workers may be able to take the groomer's place]
Have students write a job announcement for a position at the kennel. They can refer to local papers or online national newspapers such as www.washingtonpost.com (along the right-hand navigation bar) for examples of job announcements. Have students list the tasks, which that particular worker needs to be able to do.
- Related lesson plan: "Woof, Woof! At your Service!"
- Have students look at the types of veterinary jobs at http://schools.shrewsbury-ma.gov/egov/apps/directory/list.egov?path=divs&action=621&fDD=57-621
. Ask student to list the jobs and try to determine how each of the veterinarians specialize in their work. Ask them:
- Why would it be good to have a veterinarian who specializes in emergency medicine?
- How might their job be different from that of a veterinarian researcher?
- What might a public health veterinarian do? How is that different from a traveling veterinarian.
“This lesson is fun and very educational!”
“Very interesting lesson! I think it is very creative!”
“I think the lesson was very interesting for the children. It was very creative and gave some good information about jobs.”
“This was an interesting lesson that targeted skills in our curriculum such as economics, careers, and research.”
“I love the integration of techonology!! Very cute lesson.”
“I think this is a great lesson. Thank you for sharing it with everyone.”
“This is a fun lesson and I know that my own daughter would love it. It involves many different skills that students can practice in a way that is interesting and fun.”
“This concept applied to what I was doing with my 6th graders. Even though it was an elementary lesson, I was able to adapt it to the concept of specialization of labor in the ancient world. Thanks for sharing!”
“This is certainly great for elementary and special education students. It is very interactive and easily understood. It is fluid and engaging.”
“Thanks! We did this lesson in technology class it was really, really fun!!”