Glossary Terms:

Competition: Pizza!

Glossary terms from:
http://www.econedlink.org/e383


Advertising

Using advertisements (public notices, displays or presentations often based on celebrity endorsements, appeals to authority, bandwagon effects and attractive imagery) to promote the sale of goods or services.

Business

Any activity or organization that produces or exchanges goods or services for a profit.

Choice

Decision made or course of action taken when faced with a set of alternatives.

Competition

Attempts by two or more individuals or organizations to acquire the same goods, services, or productive and financial resources. Consumers compete with other consumers for goods and services. Producers compete with other producers for sales to consumers.

Consumers

People who use goods and services to satisfy their personal needs and not for resale or in the production of other goods and services.

Costs

An amount that must be paid or spent to buy or obtain something. The effort, loss or sacrifice necessary to achieve or obtain something.

Economic Incentives

Factors that motivate and influence the behavior of individuals and organizations, including firms and government agencies. Prices, profits and losses are important economic incentives in a market economy.

Goal

Something a person or organization plans to achieve in the future; an aim or desired result.

Goods

Tangible objects that satisfy economic wants.

Markets

Places, institutions or technological arrangements where or by means of which goods or services are exchanged. Also, the set of all sale and purchase transactions that affect the price of some good or service.

Money

Anything that is generally accepted as final payment for goods and services; serves as a medium of exchange, a store of value and a standard of value. Characteristics of money are portability, stability in value, uniformity, durability and acceptance.

Price

The amount of money that people pay when they buy a good or service; the amount they receive when they sell a good or service.

Producers

People and firms that use resources to make goods and services.

Product

A good or service that can be used to satisfy a want.

Return

Earnings from an investment, usually expressed as an annual percentage.

Save

To keep money for future use; to divert money from current spending to a savings account or another form of investment.

Services

Activities performed by people, firms or government agencies to satisfy economic wants.

Spend

Use money now to buy goods and services.

Supply

The amount of a good or service that producers are willing and able to offer for sale at each possible price during a given period of time.

Work

Effort applied to achieve a purpose or result, often for pay; skills and knowledge put to use to get something done; employment at a job or in a position; occupation, profession, business, trade, craft, etc.

Workers

People employed to do work, producing goods and services.