Glossary Terms:

Who Pays for City Hall?

Glossary terms from:
http://www.econedlink.org/e281


Business

Any activity or organization that produces or exchanges goods or services for a profit.

Check

A written order to a financial institution directing the financial institution to pay a stated amount of money, as instructed, from the customer's account.

Economics

The study of how people, firms and societies choose to allocate scarce resources with alternative uses.

Goods

Tangible objects that satisfy economic wants.

Income

Payments earned by households for selling or renting their productive resources. May include salaries, wages, interest and dividends.

Income Tax

Payments made by individuals and corporations to the federal government (and to some state and local governments) based on income received (both earned and unearned).

Money

Anything that is generally accepted as final payment for goods and services; serves as a medium of exchange, a store of value and a standard of value. Characteristics of money are portability, stability in value, uniformity, durability and acceptance.

Public Goods

Goods, often supplied by the government, for which use by one person does not reduce the quantity of the good available for others to use, and for which consumption cannot be limited to those who pay for the good.

Sales Tax

Tax in the form of a percent of the cost of a good or service; paid to local and state governments when goods and services are purchased.

Services

Activities performed by people, firms or government agencies to satisfy economic wants.

Taxes

Compulsory payments to governments by households and businesses.