AP Microeconomics – Competition versus Monopsony in Labor Markets
This lesson supports the Factor Markets section of the Advanced Placement Microeconomics curriculum. In this lesson, students are introduced to monopsony in labor markets.
This lesson appears as Lesson 2 in Unit 4: Factor Markets in CEE's Advanced Placement Microeconomics (4th Edition).
- Demonstrate the differences between a competitive labor market and a monopsonistic labor market.
- Analyze the effect of a minimum wage in a perfectly competitive labor market and in a monopsonistic labor market.
- Show graphically the impact of changes in economic conditions, government policies, and union activities.
Please refer to Competition versus Monopsony in Labor Markets, Teacher Lesson.
A perfectly competitive labor market is one in which all buys and sellers are so small that no one can act alone and affect the market wage. The interaction of market demand (D) and supply (S) determines the wage and the level of employment. A monopsony exists if there is only one buyer of labor in the resource market. The monopsonist pays as low a wage as possible to attract the number of workers needed.
There is no extension activity for this lesson.
Please refer to Competition versus Monopsony in Labor Markets, Student Resource Manual.