Standards for The Economics of Voting

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National Standards in Economics

Name: Incentives

Standard: 4

  • Students will understand that: People usually respond predictably to positive and negative incentives.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Identify incentives that affect people's behavior and explain how incentives affect their own behavior.

National Standards in Financial Literacy

Name: Earning Income

Standard: 1

  • Students will understand that: Most people earn wage and salary income in return for working, and they can also earn income from interest, dividends, rents, entrepreneurship, business profits, or increases in the value of investments. Employee compensation may also include access to employee benefits such as retirement plans and health insurance. Employers generally pay higher wages and salaries to more educated, skilled, and productive workers. The decision to invest in additional education or training can be made by weighing the benefit of increased income-earning and career potential against the opportunity costs in the form of time, effort, and money. Spendable income is lower than gross income due to taxes assessed on income by federal, state, and local governments.

State Standards