October 1, 1879

NYSE Sets Up New Digs

On this day, the New York Stock Exchange moved into a new building after growing too big for the old one.

October 2, 1975

W.T. Grant Files For Bankruptcy

This day saw a once rich and successful retailer, W.T. Grant filing for bankruptcy. The companies downturn was started a decade earlier by management's new growth plan, which called for the opening of a bunch of new stores. At the time of the companies filing they were $1 billion in debt.

October 3, 1776

U.S. Takes Out First Loan

Needing funds to finance the American Revolution, Congress approved a $5 million dollar loan with a 4% interest rate. This was the first loan taken out by the fledgling nation.

October 4, 1931

Time To Take Action

President Herbert Hoover changed tactics on this day, going from a hands off approach to convening a meeting of 30 business professionals that would eventually result in the creation of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. This agency funded institutions like banks and railroads.

October 5, 1814

Secretary Campbell Steps Down

On this day, George W. Campbell, the nation's fifth Secretary of the Treasury, served his last day in office.

October 6, 1995

Labor Movement Alive And Well

Boeing machinists went on strike and earned themselves a deal that included $19,200 in salary and benefits.

October 7, 1997

Stocks Reach Yet Another Milestone

On this day, both the S&P and the Nasdaq climbed to new record highs. The Nasdaq rose to 1,736.10 points, while the S&P climbed to 983.12.

October 8, 1990

Government Avoids Shutdown

On this day, Congress compromised and passed a budget plan through both houses. The plan passed just in time to avert a government shutdown.

October 9, 1996

Stock Funds Boom

In the midst of the 1990s economic bull run, the mutual fund emerged as a popular investment choice; it was reported on this day that investors had pumped $16 billion into stock funds during the previous month.

October 10, 1995

The Nobel Prize

Another University of Chicago professor was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economic Science on this day for his "rational expectations" hypothesis regarding the link between human tendencies and macroeconomics.

October 11, 1939

War & Economics

Staying with majority opinion, the American Federation of Labor (AFL) opposed U.S. involvement in WWII and began to boycott German, Japanese, and Russian goods.

October 12, 1837

The Panic Of 1837

On this day in 1837 Congress took action to stabilize the nation's economy during the Panic of 1837; unfortunately their efforts failed, and the depression persisted for seven years.

October 13, 1982

The Mint Goes Tech

The Bureau of Printing and Engraving ushered in the computer era with the announcement of its first mechanical equipment used to inspect notes.

October 14, 1943

Noble Enterprises

Lifesavers' candy creator Edward Noble bought one of NBC's radio networks, renaming it American Broadcasting Company, Inc. (ABC).

October 15, 1878

The Economics Of Technical Innovation

With guidance and funding from J.P. Morgan, Thomas Edison, inventor of the light bulb, unveiled the Edison Electric company; it would later be known as the General Electric Company.

October 16, 1911

Trust Busting

On this day the Progressive Party nominated Robert LaFollette to be their trust-busting candidate; however fatigue prevented him from carrying the nomination, and a more corporate-friendly Teddy Roosevelt replaced him.

October 17, 1973

A Bold Move

Several Arab oil producers made a critical move to reduce oil exports to Western countries, an essential embargo that would persist for a year.

October 18, 1995

A Tax Happy Liberal?

After flip flopping on his stance on taxes, Democratic President Bill Clinton insisted that he made the right decision for a $241 billion tax hike.

October 19, 1960

The Economics Of The Cold War

On this day the U.S. Government decided to stop exports to Cuba, signaling a surge in efforts to weaken Fidel Castro's communist government.

October 20, 1995

U.s. Debt Cause For Threat

America's $1.25 billion debt to the U.N. was announced today, threatening its membership and respect in the world community.

October 21, 1986

The Budget Deficit

President Ronald Reagan signed a bill that sought to reign in the deficit by $11.7 billion.

October 22, 1988

The Smack On Fiscal Corruption

Congress enacted stricter penalties for insider trading and securities fraud, both crimes for which Wall Street was notorious for during the 1980s.

October 23, 1975

Green Light For Tax Relief

The House Ways and Means committee approved a $12.7 million tax cut for the middle class on this day.

October 24, 1929

A Sneak Peak

Black Thursday occurred the week before the crash of 1929; it was a preview to the hard times ahead, when Wall Street's shares would evaporate overnight.

October 25, 1994

Sprint Jumps Ahead

Sprint announced on this day that it would join with three cable giants to create a multimedia network, something its rival, AT&T, had not yet done.

October 26, 1980

Giant Losses

The auto industry endured hard times as General Motors announced a $567 million loss during the previous quarter; this was the biggest quarterly drop ever posted by an American company.

October 27, 1858

Macy Hits The Jackpot

After several unsuccessful business attempts, Roland Macy founded his own department store in his name. Today, Macy's is the biggest department store by volume.

October 28, 1981

In Debt

Announced on this day was the budget deficit total of $57.93 billion; this number would continue to rise throughout Reagan's presidency.

October 29, 1929

Black Tuesday

The Great Crash of 1929 took place on this day in history. Over-extended credit and overproduction caused the nation to spiral towards depression, beginning on October 29 when panic struck the nation, and fearful investors sold 16 million shares on the NYSE.

October 30, 1988

A Big Buy

Philip Morris took over Kraft for the price of $13.1 billion, making Philip Morris the world's largest producer of consumer goods.

October 31, 1978

Lost Faith In The Dollar

A suffering economy and fear of rising oil prices forced the dollar into historical lows against foreign exchange markets.