INTRODUCTION

map of EuropeHas anyone ever traveled to different states or regions within the United States? What differences do you notice among the states? Some examples may include accents or dialects, food, dominant industries, dominant religions (in Utah, for example), architecture.

Imagine what a United States of Europe would be like. Why would you establish a United States of Europe? What would be the benefits? What might be some of the problems? What problems does the European Union face that are significantly different from the challenges the United States encounters? Remember: The EU is made up of autonomous nations. Each nation has its own distinct government which must conform to the decisions made by the EU if the EU is to be successful. In other words, the United States is a federation and EU isn't even a confederation.

PROCESS

  1. List the goals of the EU after visiting the EU website:
  2. The European Union is currently in the process of enlarging. In 1993, at the Copenhagen European Council, member states created a specific set of accession criteria for nonmember states seeking to join the union.

    Go here and learn about accession criteria.

    Which of the following is not a requirement for accession?
    • stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities;
    • the existence of a functioning market economy as well as the capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the Union;
    • the ability to take on the obligations of membership including adherence to the aims of political, economic and monetary union.
    • agreement to abide by the laws of a central governing authority.
       
  3. Read the Businessweek Online article entitled "Is Central Europe Ready to Join the EU?" and then answer the following questions using examples from the article.

    1. Why would a nonmember country want to join the European Union?

    2. Why might it be difficult for nonmembers to join the union?

    3. Why might it be difficult for the European Union to accept new members?
     
  4. Simulation: You will be acting as representatives to the EU Commission for one of three candidate countries: Hungary, Romania or Turkey. The Commission will be reviewing candidate countries to the EU. Commission Members will need to review the cases of each of the countries and create a brief report for the EU Council, making recommendations for admission. For information about the country assigned to you, click on the map below:map of Europe

Here is the list of accession criteria:
As stated in Copenhagen, membership requires that the candidate country has achieved:

  • stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights, and respect for and protection of minorities;
  • the existence of a functioning market economy as well as the capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the Union;
  • the ability to take on the obligations of membership including adherence to the aims of political, economic and monetary union.
     

The report should include:

  • the name of the country
  • an evaluation of the country based on the three accession criteria created at the Copenhagen conference
  • a list of recommendations
  • a potential date the country may join the EU
     

The report is expected to be 1-2 pages in length.