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Productive resources are divided into three categories: natural, human, and capital. Natural resources, also collectively called 'land,' are 'gifts from nature' that have not been altered by human hands. Human resources, also called labor, represent the quantity and quality of human effort directed toward production. Capital resources are goods made by people and used to produce other goods and services.
You will learn the differences between natural, human, and capital resources. In several activities you will identify different types of resources.
A good is an object that can satisfy people's wants. Can you think of some examples of goods that are used in the classroom?
Visit the Mrs. Perkins website.
Look at the pictures of Mrs. Perkins classroom and students. Look for examples of goods in the classroom. In this matching classroom goods activity, match each good that you might find in a classroom with its description. Drag each good to the correct description.
Look at the pictures of goods displayed on the screen in the following interactive activity. Read each riddle and drag each picture that answers the riddle.
A service is an activity or action that satisfies people's wants. Visit the Community Club website.. All these people provide a service.
Your teacher will put you in a group and assign a worker to your group. Print a copy of Workers in the Community. Work with your group to find out what service your worker provides; then answer the questions.
Workers who provide goods and services are called producers. Match each of the producers with the good or service they provide by dragging the picture of the good or service next to the name of the producer in the activity.
Print a copy of Workers in the Community Interview one adult using the questions provided in this activity. Record the answers on the activity sheet.
Share the results of your interview with your class.
Producers use resources to make goods or provide services. There are three types of resources: natural, human, and capital.
Natural resources are gifts of nature, untouched by human hands; they can be used to produce goods we want. What are some examples of natural resources?
Human resources, also called labor, are the people who do the work. Identify some human resources in your school.
Capital resources are goods made by people and used to make other goods or to provide services. A hammer is a capital resource. What are some examples of capital resources that you use in the classroom each day?
Look at the picture of the construction site. Click on a picture of a natural resource, a capital resource, and then a human resource.
Visit the Crayola Factory website.
Working with a partner, locate examples of natural, human, and capital resources. Print a copy of Resource Hunt and record your answers.
Think about the answer to each of the following questions:
- What is a good?
- What is a service?
- What is a producer?
- What do producers use to make their goods or to provide services?
- What is a natural resource?
- What is an example of a natural resource?
- What is a human resource?
- What is an example of a human resource?
- What is a capital resource?
- What is an example of a capital resource?
Print a copy of Farm Resources Print a copy of the worksheet and study the picture to find information needed to complete the activity.
Read the story Roxaboxen written by Alice McLerran, illustrated by Barbara Cooney Published by HarperCollins (April 22, 1991). Create your own name for a community and think of a good or a service you could provide to community members.