Glossary Terms:

One Hen: How One Small Loan Made a Big Difference

Glossary terms from:
http://www.econedlink.org/e910


Borrow

To receive and use something belonging to somebody else, with the intention of returning or repaying it--often with interest in the case of borrowed money.

Business

Any activity or organization that produces or exchanges goods or services for a profit.

Capital

Resources and goods made and used to produce other goods and services. Examples include buildings, machinery, tools and equipment. In the context of credit transactions, capital is one of the Three Cs of Credit. It is an indicator of how creditworthy a prospective borrower is likely to be as determined by the borrower's current financial assets and net worth.

Capital Resources

Resources made and used to produce and distribute goods and services; examples include tools, machinery and buildings.

Character

In the context of credit transactions, character is one of the Three Cs of Credit. It is an indicator of how creditworthy a prospective borrower is likely to be, as determined by the borrower's handling of past debts and his or her stability in jobs and residences.

Choice

Decision made or course of action taken when faced with a set of alternatives.

Coins

Government-issued pieces of metal that have value and are used as money.

Consume

To buy and use a good or service.

Costs

An amount that must be paid or spent to buy or obtain something. The effort, loss or sacrifice necessary to achieve or obtain something.

Economic Growth

An increase in real output as measured by real GDP or per capita real GDP.

Entrepreneur

One who draws upon his or her skills and initiative to launch a new business venture with the aim of making a profit. Often a risk-taker, inclined to see opportunity when others do not.

Entrepreneurship

A characteristic of people who assume the risk of organizing productive resources to produce goods and services; a resource.

Goal

Something a person or organization plans to achieve in the future; an aim or desired result.

Goods

Tangible objects that satisfy economic wants.

Human Resources

The health, education, experience, training, skills and values of people. Also known as human capital.

Income

Payments earned by households for selling or renting their productive resources. May include salaries, wages, interest and dividends.

Money

Anything that is generally accepted as final payment for goods and services; serves as a medium of exchange, a store of value and a standard of value. Characteristics of money are portability, stability in value, uniformity, durability and acceptance.

Natural Resources

"Gifts of nature" that can be used to produce goods and services; for example, oceans, air, mineral deposits, virgin forests and actual fields of land. When investments are made to improve fields of land or other natural resources, those resources become, in part, capital resources. Also known as land.

Opportunity Cost

The second-best alternative (or the value of that alternative) that must be given up when scarce resources are used for one purpose instead of another.

Profit

Income received for entrepreneurial skills and risk taking, calculated by subtracting all of a firm's explicit and implicit costs from its total revenues.

Resources

The basic kinds of resources used to produce goods and services: land or natural resources, human resources (including labor and entrepreneurship), and capital.

Save

To keep money for future use; to divert money from current spending to a savings account or another form of investment.

Scarcity

The condition that exists because human wants exceed the capacity of available resources to satisfy those wants; also a situation in which a resource has more than one valuable use. The problem of scarcity faces all individuals and organizations, including firms and government agencies.

Services

Activities performed by people, firms or government agencies to satisfy economic wants.

Work

Effort applied to achieve a purpose or result, often for pay; skills and knowledge put to use to get something done; employment at a job or in a position; occupation, profession, business, trade, craft, etc.