Glossary Terms:

Marketplace: Iraq's Supply and Demand

Glossary terms from:


Spending by households on goods and services. The process of buying and using goods and services.


The quantity of a good or service that buyers are willing and able to buy at all possible prices during a period of time.


Tangible objects that satisfy economic wants.


A piece of work usually done on order at an agreed-upon rate. Also a paid position of regular employment.

Labor Market

The labor supply and labor demand curves. The intersection of the labor supply and labor demand curves determines the equilibrium wage and the quantity of hours people work at this equilibrium wage.

Market Economy

An economy that relies on a system of interdependent market prices to allocate goods, services, and productive resources and to coordinate the diverse plans of consumers and producers, all of them pursuing their own self-interest.


The amount of money that people pay when they buy a good or service; the amount they receive when they sell a good or service.


A process of manufacturing, growing, designing, or otherwise using productive resources to create goods or services used to to satisfy a want.


Payments for labor resources; unlike wages, not explicitly based on the number of hours worked. See also Wages.


The condition that exists because human wants exceed the capacity of available resources to satisfy those wants; also a situation in which a resource has more than one valuable use. The problem of scarcity faces all individuals and organizations, including firms and government agencies.


Activities performed by people, firms or government agencies to satisfy economic wants.


The amount of a good or service that producers are willing and able to offer for sale at each possible price during a given period of time. Normally, as the price of a good or service rises (or falls), the quantity supplied of the good or service rises (or falls).


Effort applied to achieve a purpose or result, often for pay; skills and knowledge put to use to get something done; employment at a job or in a position; occupation, profession, business, trade, craft, etc.


People employed to do work, producing goods and services.