Focus on Economic Data: United States International Trade in Goods and Services - September 11, 2003
Glossary terms from:
Balance of Trade
The part of a nation's balance of payments accounts that deals only with its imports and exports of goods and services. The balance of trade is divided into the balance on goods (merchandise) and the balance on services. If the value of a country's exports of goods and services is greater than its imports, it has a balance of trade surplus. If the value of a country's imports of goods and services is greater than its exports, it has a balance of trade deficit.
Any activity or organization that produces or exchanges goods or services for a profit.
Resources and goods made and used to produce other goods and services. Examples include buildings, machinery, tools and equipment. In the context of credit transactions, capital is one of the Three Cs of Credit. It is an indicator of how creditworthy a prospective borrower is likely to be as determined by the borrower's current financial assets and net worth.
To buy and use a good or service.
An amount that must be paid or spent to buy or obtain something. The effort, loss or sacrifice necessary to achieve or obtain something.
The money in circulation in any country.
The quantity of a good or service that buyers are willing and able to buy at all possible prices during a period of time.
The study of how people, firms and societies choose to allocate scarce resources with alternative uses.
Trading a good or service for another good or service, or for money.
Goods and services produced in one nation and sold in other nations.
Tangible objects that satisfy economic wants.
Goods and services bought from sellers in another nation.
Payments earned by households for selling or renting their productive resources. May include salaries, wages, interest and dividends.
A rise in the general or average price level of all the goods and services produced in an economy. Can be caused by pressure from the demand side of the market (demand-pull inflation) or pressure from the supply side of the market (cost-push inflation).
Places, institutions or technological arrangements where or by means of which goods or services are exchanged. Also, the set of all sale and purchase transactions that affect the price of some good or service.
Exports minus imports.
The amount of money that people pay when they buy a good or service; the amount they receive when they sell a good or service.
Activities performed by people, firms or government agencies to satisfy economic wants.
The amount of a good or service that producers are willing and able to offer for sale at each possible price during a given period of time.
The situation that results when the quantity supplied of a product exceeds the quantity demanded. Generally happens because the price of the product is above the market equilibrium price.
The exchange of goods and services for money or other goods and services.