Glossary Terms:

Show Me the Money!

Glossary terms from:
http://www.econedlink.org/e388


Bank

A financial institution that provides various products and services to its customers, including checking and savings accounts, loans and currency exchange.

Borrower

An individual who has received and used something belonging to somebody else, with the intention of returning or repaying it--often with interest in the case of borrowed money.

Check

A written order to a financial institution directing the financial institution to pay a stated amount of money, as instructed, from the customer's account.

Compound Interest

Interest that is earned not only on the principal but also on the interest already earned.

Costs

An amount that must be paid or spent to buy or obtain something. The effort, loss or sacrifice necessary to achieve or obtain something.

Decision

A conclusion reached after considering alternatives and their results.

Decision Making

Reaching a conclusion after considering alternatives and their results.

Economics

The study of how people, firms and societies choose to allocate scarce resources with alternative uses.

Insurance

A practice or arrangement whereby a company provides a guarantee of compensation for specified forms of loss, damage, injury or death. People obtain such guarantees by buying insurance policies, for which they pay premiums. The process allows for the spreading out of risk over a pool of insurance policyholders, with the expectation that only a few policholders will actually experience losses for which claims must be made. Types of insurance include automobile, health, renter's, homeowner's, disability and life.

Interest

Money paid regularly, at a particular rate, for the use of borrowed money.

Money

Anything that is generally accepted as final payment for goods and services; serves as a medium of exchange, a store of value and a standard of value. Characteristics of money are portability, stability in value, uniformity, durability and acceptance.

Mortgage

A special type of loan for the purchase of a house or other real estate.

Premium

The fee paid for insurance protection.

Resources

The basic kinds of resources used to produce goods and services: land or natural resources, human resources (including labor and entrepreneurship), and capital.

Risk

The chance of losing money.

Save

To keep money for future use; to divert money from current spending to a savings account or another form of investment.

Saving

Disposable income (income after taxes) minus consumption spending.

Savings

Money set aside for a future use that is held in easily-accessed accounts, such as savings accounts and certificates of deposit (CDs).

Value of Money

The ability of money to buy goods and services. A wide variety of items has been used as money. Money need not have any intrinsic value. It is people's willingness to accept it that gives it value.

Wants

Desires that can be satisfied by consuming or using a good or service. Economists do not differentiate between wants and needs.

Work

Effort applied to achieve a purpose or result, often for pay; skills and knowledge put to use to get something done; employment at a job or in a position; occupation, profession, business, trade, craft, etc.