Glossary Terms:

Ben & Jerry's Flavor Graveyard

Glossary terms from:
http://www.econedlink.org/e374


Business

Any activity or organization that produces or exchanges goods or services for a profit.

Capital

Resources and goods made and used to produce other goods and services. Examples include buildings, machinery, tools and equipment. In the context of credit transactions, capital is one of the Three Cs of Credit. It is an indicator of how creditworthy a prospective borrower is likely to be as determined by the borrower's current financial assets and net worth.

Capital Resources

Resources made and used to produce and distribute goods and services; examples include tools, machinery and buildings.

Consumers

People who use goods and services to satisfy their personal needs and not for resale or in the production of other goods and services.

Costs

An amount that must be paid or spent to buy or obtain something. The effort, loss or sacrifice necessary to achieve or obtain something.

Decision

A conclusion reached after considering alternatives and their results.

Goods

Tangible objects that satisfy economic wants.

Investment

The purchase of capital goods (including machinery, technology or new buildings) that are used to produce goods and services. In personal finance, the amount of money invested in stocks, bonds, mutual funds and other investment instruments.

Labor

The quantity and quality of human effort available to produce goods and services.

Land

"Gifts of nature" that can be used to produce goods and services; for example, oceans, air, mineral deposits, virgin forests and actual fields of land. When investments are made to improve fields of land or other natural resources, those resources become, in part, capital resources. Also known as natural resources.

Money

Anything that is generally accepted as final payment for goods and services; serves as a medium of exchange, a store of value and a standard of value. Characteristics of money are portability, stability in value, uniformity, durability and acceptance.

Producers

People and firms that use resources to make goods and services.

Product

A good or service that can be used to satisfy a want.

Production

A process of manufacturing, growing, designing, or otherwise using productive resources to create goods or services used to to satisfy a want.

Productive Resources

Natural resources, human resources, capital resources and entrepreneurship used to make goods and services.

Resources

The basic kinds of resources used to produce goods and services: land or natural resources, human resources (including labor and entrepreneurship), and capital.

Risk

The chance of losing money.

Scarcity

The condition that exists because human wants exceed the capacity of available resources to satisfy those wants; also a situation in which a resource has more than one valuable use. The problem of scarcity faces all individuals and organizations, including firms and government agencies.

Services

Activities performed by people, firms or government agencies to satisfy economic wants.

Wants

Desires that can be satisfied by consuming or using a good or service. Economists do not differentiate between wants and needs.