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Glossary terms from:
Any activity or organization that produces or exchanges goods or services for a profit.
Decision made or course of action taken when faced with a set of alternatives.
A conclusion reached after considering alternatives and their results.
A share of a company's net profits paid to stockholders.
Trading a good or service for another good or service, or for money.
The process of putting money someplace with the intention of making a financial gain. Investment possibilities include stocks, bonds, mutual funds, real estate, and other financial instruments or ventures.
The purchase of capital goods (including machinery, technology or new buildings) that are used to produce goods and services. In personal finance, the amount of money invested in stocks, bonds, mutual funds and other investment instruments.
Places, institutions or technological arrangements where or by means of which goods or services are exchanged. Also, the set of all sale and purchase transactions that affect the price of some good or service.
Anything that is generally accepted as final payment for goods and services; serves as a medium of exchange, a store of value and a standard of value. Characteristics of money are portability, stability in value, uniformity, durability and acceptance.
The amount of money that people pay when they buy a good or service; the amount they receive when they sell a good or service.
Income received for entrepreneurial skills and risk taking, calculated by subtracting all of a firm's explicit and implicit costs from its total revenues.
Rate of Return
Earnings from an investment, stated as a percentage of the amount invested; usually calculated on an annual basis.
Earnings from an investment, usually expressed as an annual percentage.
An ownership share or shares of ownership in a corporation.
A market in which the public trades stock that someone already owns; the buying and selling of stock.