Glossary Terms:

Spotlighting Entrepreneurs: The Sweet Success of Milton Hershey

Glossary terms from:
http://www.econedlink.org/e1069


Bank

A financial institution that provides various products and services to its customers, including checking and savings accounts, loans and currency exchange.

Business

Any activity or organization that produces or exchanges goods or services for a profit.

Capital

Resources and goods made and used to produce other goods and services. Examples include buildings, machinery, tools and equipment. In the context of credit transactions, capital is one of the Three Cs of Credit. It is an indicator of how creditworthy a prospective borrower is likely to be as determined by the borrower's current financial assets and net worth.

Consumers

People who use goods and services to satisfy their personal needs and not for resale or in the production of other goods and services.

Costs

An amount that must be paid or spent to buy or obtain something. The effort, loss or sacrifice necessary to achieve or obtain something.

Credit

The opportunity to borrow money or to receive goods or services in return for a promise to pay later.

Demand

The quantity of a good or service that buyers are willing and able to buy at all possible prices during a period of time.

Economics

The study of how people, firms and societies choose to allocate scarce resources with alternative uses.

Entrepreneur

One who draws upon his or her skills and initiative to launch a new business venture with the aim of making a profit. Often a risk-taker, inclined to see opportunity when others do not.

Entrepreneurship

A characteristic of people who assume the risk of organizing productive resources to produce goods and services; a resource.

Expenses

Payments for goods and services.

Goal

Something a person or organization plans to achieve in the future; an aim or desired result.

Goods

Tangible objects that satisfy economic wants.

Incentive

Any reward or benefit, such as money, advantage or good feeling, that motivates people to do something.

Income

Payments earned by households for selling or renting their productive resources. May include salaries, wages, interest and dividends.

Job

A piece of work usually done on order at an agreed-upon rate. Also a paid position of regular employment.

Labor

The quantity and quality of human effort available to produce goods and services.

Labor Force

The people in a nation who are aged 16 or over and are employed or actively looking for work.

Money

Anything that is generally accepted as final payment for goods and services; serves as a medium of exchange, a store of value and a standard of value. Characteristics of money are portability, stability in value, uniformity, durability and acceptance.

Price

The amount of money that people pay when they buy a good or service; the amount they receive when they sell a good or service.

Product

A good or service that can be used to satisfy a want.

Production

A process of manufacturing, growing, designing, or otherwise using productive resources to create goods or services used to to satisfy a want.

Profit

Income received for entrepreneurial skills and risk taking, calculated by subtracting all of a firm's explicit and implicit costs from its total revenues.

Resources

The basic kinds of resources used to produce goods and services: land or natural resources, human resources (including labor and entrepreneurship), and capital.

Risk

The chance of losing money.

Salary

A regular payment, often at monthly or biweekly intervals, made by an employer to an employee, especially in the case of professional or white-collar employees. Salaries are paid for services rendered and are not based on hours worked.

Services

Activities performed by people, firms or government agencies to satisfy economic wants.

Supply

The amount of a good or service that producers are willing and able to offer for sale at each possible price during a given period of time.

Taxes

Compulsory payments to governments by households and businesses.

Trade

The exchange of goods and services for money or other goods and services.

Work

Effort applied to achieve a purpose or result, often for pay; skills and knowledge put to use to get something done; employment at a job or in a position; occupation, profession, business, trade, craft, etc.

Workers

People employed to do work, producing goods and services.