Focus on Economic Data: Consumer Price Index and Inflation, November 16, 2011
Glossary terms from:
Any activity or organization that produces or exchanges goods or services for a profit.
A written order to a financial institution directing the financial institution to pay a stated amount of money, as instructed, from the customer's account.
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
A price index that measures the cost of a fixed basket of consumer goods and services and compares the cost of this basket in one time period with its cost in some base period. Changes in the CPI are used to measure inflation.
People who use goods and services to satisfy their personal needs and not for resale or in the production of other goods and services.
A sustained decrease in the average price level of all the goods and services produced in the economy.
Income that stays the same from week to week or month to month. Usually refers to income from pensions or bonds.
Tangible objects that satisfy economic wants.
Payments earned by households for selling or renting their productive resources. May include salaries, wages, interest and dividends.
A rise in the general or average price level of all the goods and services produced in an economy. Can be caused by pressure from the demand side of the market (demand-pull inflation) or pressure from the supply side of the market (cost-push inflation).
Money paid regularly, at a particular rate, for the use of borrowed money.
The quantity and quality of human effort available to produce goods and services.
The amount of money that people pay when they buy a good or service; the amount they receive when they sell a good or service.
The weighted average of the prices of all goods and services in an economy; used to calculate inflation.
People and firms that use resources to make goods and services.
A good or service that can be used to satisfy a want.
A process of manufacturing, growing, designing, or otherwise using productive resources to create goods or services used to to satisfy a want.
A decline in the rate of national economic activity, usually measured by a decline in real GDP for at least two consecutive quarters (i.e., six months).
Activities performed by people, firms or government agencies to satisfy economic wants.
Payments for labor services that are directly tied to time worked, or to the number of units of output produced.
Desires that can be satisfied by consuming or using a good or service. Economists do not differentiate between wants and needs.
People employed to do work, producing goods and services.