Standards in Economics

Below are the National Standards in Economics that most closely relate to the following interactive tool.


Never Too Young: Personal Finance for Young Learners ~

Grades: K-2, 3-5


Name: Scarcity

Standard: 1

  • Students will understand that: Productive resources are limited. Therefore, people cannot have all the goods and services they want; as a result, they must choose some things and give up others.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Identify what they gain and what they give up when they make choices.

Name: Decision Making

Standard: 2

  • Students will understand that: Effective decision making requires comparing the additional costs of alternatives with the additional benefits. Many choices involve doing a little more or a little less of something: few choices "are all or nothing" decisions.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Make effective decisions as consumers, producers, savers, investors, and citizens.

Name: Institutions

Standard: 10

  • Students will understand that: Institutions evolve and are created to help individuals and groups accomplish their goals. Banks, labor unions, markets, corporations, legal systems, and not-for-profit organizations are examples of important institutions. A different kind of institution, clearly defined and enforced property rights, is essential to a market economy.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Describe the roles of various economic institutions and explain the importance of property rights in a market economy.

Name: Economic Growth

Standard: 15

  • Students will understand that: Investment in factories, machinery, new technology, and in the health, education, and training of people stimulates economic growth and can raise future standards of living.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Predict the consequences of investment decisions made by individuals, businesses, and governments.

Name: Money and Inflation

Standard: 11

  • Students will understand that: Money makes it easier to trade, borrow, save, invest, and compare the value of goods and services. The amount of money in the economy affects the overall price level. Inflation is an increase in the overall price level that reduces the value of money.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Explain how their lives would be more difficult in a world with no money, or in a world where money sharply lost its value.