EconEdLink

National
Standards in Economics

Below are the National Standards in Economics that most closely relate to the following interactive tool.


INTERACTIVE

Making Sen$e with Paul Solman: In Ohio, How 2 Counties' Economic Paths Diverged Over 30 Years ~ http://www.econedlink.org/i154

Grades: 9-12


STANDARDS

Name: Income

Standard: 13

  • Students will understand that: Income for most people is determined by the market value of the productive resources they sell. What workers earn primarily depends on the market value of what they produce.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Predict future earnings based on their current plans for education, training, and career options.

Name: Economic Growth

Standard: 15

  • Students will understand that: Investment in factories, machinery, new technology, and in the health, education, and training of people stimulates economic growth and can raise future standards of living.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Predict the consequences of investment decisions made by individuals, businesses, and governments.

Name: Specialization

Standard: 6

  • Students will understand that: When individuals, regions, and nations specialize in what they can produce at the lowest cost and then trade with others, both production and consumption increase.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Explain how they can benefit themselves and others by developing special skills and strengths.

Name: Competition and Market Structure

Standard: 9

  • Students will understand that: Competition among sellers usually lowers costs and prices, and encourages producers to produce what consumers are willing and able to buy. Competition among buyers increases prices and allocates goods and services to those people who are willing and able to pay the most for them.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Explain how changes in the level of competition in different markets can affect price and output levels.

Name: Role of Government and Market Failure

Standard: 16

  • Students will understand that: There is an economic role for government in a market economy whenever the benefits of a government policy outweigh its costs. Governments often provide for national defense, address environmental concerns, define and protect property rights, and attempt to make markets more competitive. Most government policies also have direct or indirect effects on people's incomes.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Identify and evaluate the benefits and costs of alternative public policies, and assess who enjoys the benefits and who bears the costs.